Methods of Feeding Pigs

The selection of feeding methods on pigs varies depending on several factors. Such as price and feed ingredients, livestock population, available labor, and other practical management. Get pig feed in right place pig feed suppliers. There are several commonly used feeding methods which each has its advantages and disadvantages:

  • Group vs. Individual Feeding
  • Floor vs. Trough Feeding
  • Dry vs Liquid Feeding
  • Full vs. Restricted/Limited Feeding


Here are the methods:

Group vs Individual Feeding

The way feeding with group systems is economically more efficient when compared to individual feeding methods. Applies to a large farm business. This is to minimize the use of labor and other feed equipment. But it is likely that not all livestock individuals will get the same amount of feed. Because the grouping of pigs in a cage will lead to competition in getting food. This is due to the social behavior of pigs in the group. The strong and big will dominate the rather weak and have a smaller body. Meanwhile, if the male pigs who have high aggressive behavior dominate the group, it will lead to a fight. While the method of feeding individually will require the amount of labor and more equipment. But for the amount of consumption will be more effective and efficient. Because it reduces the residual food and more easily known the amount of consumption per individual livestock.

Floor vs Trough Feeding

Management of feeding directly on the cage floor without eating places is often encountered in some intensive pig farms. Giving food on the floor will make it easier for farmers to feed pigs and the time of delivery becomes faster. It also helps farmers reduce time to clean and provide a feeding place (self-feeders). Thus, cage floor construction should be prepared and kept dry. The shape of the feed should be granular so as not to have much of the remaining feed. The number of cattle in the cage should not be too dense, to make it easier for cattle to eat. But feeding this way will be detrimental in terms of food use efficiency. In this way, it will also be detrimental in terms of hygiene because it is contaminated with dirt in the cage. This way of feeding is only good if combined with ad libitum (full feeding).

Dry vs Liquid Feeding

Management of feeding by feeding pigs dry. This will make it easier for farmers to calculate the efficiency and conversion of feed. Giving by dry means will be very efficient if the feed material in the form of granules. So all the ingredients that have been mixed in feed rations will be consumed by pigs. Livestock farming systems that feed in the dry form should pay attention to the construction of the cage by preparing drinking water in isolation. So it costs extra for that.

Full vs Restricted/Limited Feeding

The full feeding system is a very common way of feeding on livestock. This management is called ad libitum or unlimited. This is often done if the breeder’s knowledge of the amount of pig livestock consumption according to age and growth period is unknown. The disadvantage is to allow for leftover food. But for the period of weaning piglets that require continuous food availability this way often fits. However, if using the restricted feeding system then the efficiency of food use for pigs will be very high. Because it reduces the amount of waste food and waste. In some modern pig farms with the use of high technology then this system is very effective. In addition to the formation of the carcass will be better because of the availability of food that is always there.